|ISMAYA OR SEMAR|
Book of the Ramayana written by Valmiki (Hindu). The book is older than the Mahabharata. Hindus in the country, including the book of Ramayana among those who embraced Vishnu. Being a religious book Mahabharata Shiva. In Java, Old Javanese Ramayana books and poetical. Dutch scholars who studied there we are, like Dr.WF Stutterhein (Die Rama Legenden) and others.
The Book of Old Javanese Ramayana is roughly at the time of king Diyah bertahtanya Balitung. A famous king who controlled Central Java and East Java, that reigned in Mataram circa 820-832 Saka. The book tells Old Javanese Ramayana speaks of King Rama, as the book's creation Sanskrit Valmiki Ramayana. However no difference. In Sanskrit Ramayana "Sita" Rama's wife, after the country returned to Ayodhya and parted with Rama. Being in the book of Old Javanese Ramayana, Sita Rama back together again soon. (Prof. RM Poerbotjaraka, Jawi Library, page 9).
Besides Old Javanese Ramayana when compared with Valmiki Ramayana, including the very short and concise, not protracted. It is known that the parent Old Javanese Ramayana it is not in Valmiki Ramayana. (Prof. RM Poerbotjaraka, Jawi Library, page 9).
Which tells the story of the love between Rama and Sinta has been demonstrated in a massive stage at Prambanan and is an annual event received considerable attention from the public and tourists.
The book of Mahabharata, originally existed in India bouquet of sage Wiyasa (Abiyasa), essentially tells the journey of life the Pandavas and the Kauravas; who is now in the land of Java would really be a story Purwa, but has undergone many changes.
Book Mabarata classified Siwaisme book consisting of 18 Parwa (part), of the eighteen new parwa 9 are found in Indonesia. Eighteen parwa that the order is thus:
1. Adi parwa *)
2. Sabha parwa *)
3. Wana (+ adults) parwa
4. Virata parwa *)
5. Ud-yoga parwa *)
6. Bhisma parwa *)
7. Drones parwa
8. Karna parrwa
9. Salya parwa 10. Ghada parwa
11. Ashwatthama parwa
12. Palapa Stri parwa
13. Santika parwa
14. Asvamedha parwa
15. Asramavasana parwa *)
16. Mausala parrwa *)
17. Prasihanika parwa *)
18. Swargarohana parwa *)
The 9 parwa in Indonesia is parwa-parwa number *) 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17, 18. While a lot of the source stories perwayangan in Indonesia is the first parwa, namely Adi parrwa. About Adi parwa creation of Indonesia, Prof. Poerbotjaraka described as follows:
"This book is the same arrangement with Uttarakanda book, also named True Dharmawangsa King (King in Java). In the book of the Mahabharata is the first part. While the details of the order of the story a lot. Clearly, a story of adolescence puppet play, stories about the birth story, and others. The story plays Goddess Lara Amis, Bale sigala-gala, the death of Arimba, Jiwata Bird and others, were excerpts from the book Adi parwa. Story "Ngebur Segoro Peresan", which causes the release of "water of life", also the beginning of a solar eclipse or eclipse of the moon-shaped head eaten by a giant, also present in this book. This book was printed in Latin letters. Compared with the Sanskrit Mahabharata by Prof.Dr. H. Kern accompanied by several passages. Garuda stories translated into Dutch by Dr. Joynboll ". (Prof. Dr. RM Ng. Poerbotjaraka, Jawi Library, page 9).
R. Harjawiraga describes the origins of puppets and puppet what exactly the purpose it was created to write the story thus:
Purwa is a symbol of human life in this world. In the principal means, that so early as the father of all puppets that mother is "Hyang Manik Maya" (Betara Teacher) and "Ismaya Hyang" (Semar) countryman Gods. Manikmaya and Ismaya son "Single Hyang" (not diujudkan as a puppet). Both men were initially in the form of light and at the same occurrence. Manikmaya shining, while the luminous Ismaya blackish. Both the light where the older snatch. Then "Single Hyang" said, that the light-dark-hitamanlah older. But the soul can not be predicted as a god and was named "Ismaya", is of a man and decreed that the world remained in a bloody god parenting derivative Pandavas. So diturunkanlah to the world he named "Semar" which seems to be a bad man.
|MANIKMAYA OR BETARA GURU|
The light that shines is named "Manikmaya", remained in "Suralaya" (royal god). Manikmaya feel proud, because it has no defects and very powerful. But such thoughts Manikmaya the cause for her disability also got on him later.
Both of these events is a symbol or a symbol. Ismaya human body as a symbol of this rough and Manikmaya as a symbol of human spiritual refinement. Jiw rough (Semar) always keep the five Pandavas who ujudnya form of "five senses" or fifth feelings of the human body.
Actually, anyone who thinks the intent of this story, always keeping the safety of our five senses:
The five Pandavas as a symbol of five human senses
1. Nose taste sense
2. Ear auditory sense
3. Eyesight sense
4. Mouth taste sense
5. Tactile bodies sense
Yudistira ( Samiaji )
Werkudara ( Bima )
Arjuna ( Janaka )
The five Pandavas or the human senses is not to take the wrong path such as nasal do not just love and fun in the all-time smell the fragrant and fragrant, the ears do not just listen to the melodious voice-melodious course, the eyes do not just look at the sheer beauty of the sometimes misleading, and so on. Clearly, any goods on the fifth sense, it should not be pointless undifferentiated good and evil, because everything that happens because the origin of the deeds themselves. Therefore, wherever possible the way it is returned to the consideration of calmness and clarity of heart.
This is the task of Semar to ensure the welfare and safety of the Pandavas that they may avoid hostilities with the Kauravas, is the passion of anger. But Betara Guru (inner sense) is always tempting and easy to disturb the sense of soul that leads to the error, the Pandavas and the Kauravas will not cease fighting continued until the last war, is war Baratayuda, and the glorious and got Pandawalah the victory.
Analyses of the Guru has been misunderstood. People assumed that the most powerful Guru of everything. (R. Harjawiguna, Purwa Puppet History, page 4, Hall Book, PN. Balai Pustaka Jakarta 1952).
Remember, Guru is weak, with evidence of any disability they have. If he is a very powerful surely no flaw in him. Guru indeed infinite in power, but with wisdom and supernatural powers Semar, Guru can be addressed and controlled by Semar. (Ibid, History of Wayang Purwa)
( SOURCE: DRS. EFFENDI ZARKASIH, ISLAMIC ELEMENTS IN THE PUPPET -ALFA POWER JAKARTA ).
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Yudistira ( Samiaji )
Werkudara ( Bima )
Arjuna ( Janaka )
Kelima Pandawa atau indra manusia itu jangan sampai menempuh jalan yang salah seperti : hidung jangan hanya suka dan senang pada waktu mencium aroma yang serba harum dan wangi, telinga jangan hanya mendengarkan pada suara yang merdu-merdu saja, mata jangan hanya melihat pada keindahan semata yang terkadang menyesatkan, dan sebagainya. Jelasnya, barang apapun yang mengenai kelima perasaan itu, jangan sampai dibeda-bedakan akan gunanya kebaikan dan keburukan, karena semuanya itu terjadi karena asalnya dari perbuatan diri sendiri. Oleh karena itu sedapat mungkin kedua jalan itu dikembalikan pada pertimbangan ketenangan dan kejernihan hati.