|Pentas Wayang Kulit|
At first puppets made of buffalo leather R. Fractures during the reigns in 1437 saka. At that time the puppet is still intangible such as painting the human form as what is contained in the temple reliefs Upgrading. Therefore it has something to do with Islamic religious law, which is contrary to the Personality ', while the king and the people loved the puppets, the puppet of the mayor to change the shape of the painting "metok" (face to face) to be skewed. While parts of the body especially the hands of a length. At first, before taking a picture carved in the eyes, ears, etc., just simply drawn, then painted with a sculpture by the Mayor. That's where if people want to know that how smart the Wali.
Research by experts Kejawen, puppet shows Purwa mean it is closely related to the pattern of early Muslims in Java. Allegations that the player shows as separate puppets had been there since ancient times and then filled with mystical Islam is not true. People know that the news about the Guardians Java propagator of Islam, that is what gives them an important role in the puppet show on the purpose of realization of this right now ... (Dr.PH Piqued, Javaanse Voksvertoningen, page 56).
Commencement of puppets carved striped gambier (fine lines in the hair for example) that in the year 1477 Saka behest R. Trenggana who holds Kanjeng Emperor Akbar Sah Ngalam III in Demak.
Later in the reign of Sultan Hadiwijaya who in his youth known as Joko Tingkir Pajang king, puppets carved Gayaman (regardless), but the hands still connected primarily to the body. That is not separated from the body which are connected with a rope like what we see in puppet form now.
As for the magnified by his puppet monkey (Vanara) is Sunan Giri. While that adds Ricikan (horses, elephants, soldiers Rampak, etc.) is Sunan Bonang.
Raden Patah create Kayon (mountains) that is attached in the middle of the arena screen when the show early, middle, and end the show. (Sri Mulyono, Wayang: the origins, philosophy and future, p. 84-89)
Puppets carved in a more subtle again is in the reign of Senopati Ing Ngalogo Sayidin Panotogomo Mataram in 1541. Starting separation of body hand puppet (which was then tied to the body in order to facilitate the movement of the hand) is also in the days of Mataram.
Began holding a giant Cakil in 1552 Saka and this is indicated by Candra sengkala Memet (images that can show the meaning of the year) that "The Hand Attorney Tinata creature" in 1552 Saka.
Festival Widyaka own name as the first puppeteer who played Shadow Puppet. Sunan Kalijaga also the same, in the year 1443 Saka, Gemi dadi Gucining guard = 1521 AD. (Dr. TH Piqued, Javaanse Volksvertoningen, page 56.)
According to the book “Kaweruh asalipun ringgit" by RM Mangkudimejo Yogyakarta palace courtiers, puppet Beber was everything technique improved by Demak Sangkala was in the year 1437. The principle of technical drawings or flock lined up on the sheet rolling, which will be displayed if, then "dibeber" (stretched), the replacement of the principle techniques tafsili images, one by one, meant to be more "alive" when displayed. (Ki Musa Al-Machfoed, link ages Religion and Culture, page 21). The principle of the technique the picture "an sich" has been improved as well. Shape = kitchen (Java) face (en phase) replaced with a sloping shape (en-profit) in accordance with Personality 'religion of Islam which forbids drawing an intangible human.
Although the anatomical shape of the image aesthetis puppet was wrong and ugly, but few people actually do not want to brave such Gatutkaca, handsome like Arjuna, like Wara Sumbadra beautiful, and agile as Heroine of the puppet characters Purwa it. Though shape and form parts of the puppet characters are not good at all in fact, the quotes can be said to be beautiful and not proportional.
I see the puppet as an important lesson for people who like to increase in the science of nature.
Entertaining the heart, refresh yourself. You see it all disappear and ki puppeteer who will stay fixed.